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Gay and Lesbian Law Journal

Abstract from Volume 10 (2002)

Hate Crimes and Masculine Offending

Stephen Tomsen

In recent decades, researchers, activists and policymakers have described a wide range of criminal incidents - including assaults, harassment, vilification and attacks on property - as forms of "hate crime". These crimes are generally understood as motivated by perpetrators' deep hostility to the real or presumed location of victims within group racial, ethnic, sexual or religious minorities. This development has allowed for further research and new preventive and criminal justice measures about previously disregarded or downplayed forms of criminal and criminogenic activity. But "hate crime" is a problematic label that may narrowly represent criminal motive and simplify the interpretation of victimisation and offending. Tomsen discusses recent local research on anti-homosexual and race-related crime to demonstrate the continuous positioning of working class and socially disadvantaged males in offending patterns and the interrelationship of "hate crime" to the more general dilemmas of reducing crime rates with the successful social integration of marginalised youth.

(2002) 10 G&LLJ 26
Keywords: Hate Crime; Anti-vilification

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