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Abstract from

Contractualism and Citizenship: Rivals or Bedfellows?

Terry Carney and Gaby Ramia

Contractualism and citizenship are generally seen as distinct regimes of policy formulation. Citizenship suggests a harking back to 'old' (state) welfare services, while contractualism speaks of the new marketisation, and reliance on 'civil society' and mutuality of obligation. This article challenges such oversimplifications. It argues that there are synergies between the two frameworks, lying most notably in some shared social policy goals. More generally, there is a convergence in terms of policy design. But very significant differences remain, most compelling among these being that citizenship has a strong attachment to 'social protection', while contractualism suggests a 'post-protectionist' settlement. It is citizenship theory which we find offers the more inclusive and richer rationale in these areas of divergence; despite the beguiling 'modernity' of contractualism, civil society and mutual obligation.

(2001) 18(2) Law in Context 8
Keywords: Citizenship; Human Services

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