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Looking South

Looking South

Australia’s Antarctic Agenda

Edited by Lorne Kriwoken, Julia Jabour and Alan D Hemmings

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Australia has a long, rich and significant history in Antarctic affairs. Since 1933 Australia has asserted a claim to 42 per cent of the continent as the Australian Antarctic Territory. Australia was an original signatory to the 1959 Antarctic Treaty and has subsequently played an active role in international governance of Antarctica under the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS).

Almost half a century after the adoption of the Antarctic Treaty, and in the first decade of the 21st century, Antarctica is better known but is still not completely understood to science. It has been designated a natural reserve devoted to peace and science and whilst some matters, such as mining, have been put on hold, other issues present both continuing and new challenges. These challenges include the implications for Antarctica of global climate change, and indeed the continent’s role in the generation of the world’s weather; the environmental, political and ethical implications of increasing human activity in the region; and the goals of maintaining or developing the most appropriate governance mechanisms given the complex legal circumstances.

There had been no contemporary analysis of Australia’s involvement in Antarctic matters until 1984 when “Australia’s Antarctic Policy Options”, edited by Professor Stuart Harris, brought together a diverse and intellectually powerful array of Australians focussed on Antarctic law, policy and the social sciences. This volume provided a benchmark by which to measure the tenor of Australia’s Antarctic agenda and as such has been of great assistance to the development of Looking South. Consequently, 20 years on Looking South explores how the issues identified have developed, what significant new issues have emerged and how Antarctica is placed in the current political Australian agenda.


CONTENTS

Foreword by Professor Stuart Harris, Emeritus Professor, Department of Industrial Relations, Australian National University

Introduction
Julia Jabour, Alan D Hemmings and Lorne K Kriwoken
Flexing Australian Sovereignty in Antarctica: Pushing Antarctic Treaty Limits in the National Interest?
Donald R Rothwell and Shirley V Scott
Setting and Implementing the Agenda: Australian Antarctic Policy
Marcus Haward, Rob Hall and Aynsley Kellow
Australian Influence in the Antarctic Treaty System: An End or a Means?
Stephen Powell and Andrew Jackson
Enforcement and Compliance in the Australian Antarctic Territory: Legal and Policy Dilemmas
Tim Stephens and Ben Boer
Antarctic Science in a Changing Climate: Challenges and Future Directions for Australia’s Antarctic Science and Policy
Rosemary A Sandford
Emerging Issues of Australian Antarctic Tourism: Legal and Policy Directions
Murray P Johnson and Lorne K Kriwoken
Net Gain or Net Loss? Australia and Southern Ocean Fishing
Gail L Lugten
Saving Seabirds
Rob Hall
The Great Whale Debate: Australia’s Agenda on Whaling
Julia Jabour, Mike Iliff and Erik Jaap Molenaar
Emerging Issues of Australia’s Sub-Antarctic Islands: Macquarie Island and Heard Island and McDonald Islands
Lorne K Kriwoken and Nick Holmes
A Caution on the Benefits of Research: Australia, Antarctica and Climate Change
Aynsley Kellow
Globalisation’s Cold Genius and the Ending of Antarctic Isolation
Alan D Hemmings
Looking Forward, Looking South: An Enduring Australian Antarctic Interest
Alan D Hemmings, Lorne K Kriwoken and Julia Jabour
References

REVIEWS

The fourteen chapters of Looking South provide a comprehensive overview of Antarctic issues such as Australian influence in the Antarctic Treaty System; sovereignty; climate change; tourism and whaling. Each topic has been thoroughly researched from various points of view, giving the reader a much broader perspective than one based on media reports. ...
Understanding how Australian policy-makers are often placed in a very delicate position when attempting to adhere to national policies as well as international laws is well described in each issue covered, and there are many insights into the difficulties faced when trying to satisfy a diverse group of parties involved in Antarctic operations. …
I recommend Looking South to anyone interested in acquiring a better understanding of Australia’s key role in Antarctica’s future.

Ice Breaker Magazine, Mar-May 2008

...there is much useful material in this book, and it should be on the bookshelves of all involved in Antarctic policy analysis. those in the Antarctic business, but not policy, should also be aware of the attitudes evolving in the law/diplomacy area and try to be involved in discussions around that evolution.

Patrick G Quilty, Polar Record, 44 (4), 2008

The editors and contributors of Looking South are to be commended for tackling this subject in a clear and coherent manner, and in a consistent style that is both accessible and comprehensive. In addition to the Australian focus, this book provides an excellent introduction to many of the broader legal and political aspects of Antarctic studies.

Bryan Lintott, New Zealand Geographer 64 (2), 2008

Looking South is a worthy successor to Australia's Antarctic Policy Options. The earlier book was an excellent work whose value is still manifest today, albeit that time has resolved or complicated many, but not all, of the issues raised in it. Looking South will be an equally valuable work in the years to come.

Stuart Kaye, The Australian Journal of Public Administration, Vol 67 No 2, pp 231-243

Its fourteen chapters provide a valuable update on the Antarctic continent and the Antarctic Treaty. This book is about policy, national interst and international treaties...

Interaction, Geography Teachers' Association of Victoria, December 2008

This is an interesting book with some probing assessments of why and how Australia has developed particular policies and what it appears to expect as a return on its substantial Antarctic investment. The continued development of the idea of Antarctic as part of the Australian cultural heritage mirrors in many ways the approach used by Chile and Argentina to their Antarctic territories, and it seems clear Australia will continue to see management of the continent and it surrounding sea as an important foreigh policy objective.

Antarctic Science 21 (1), 95-96 (2009)


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Published 2 November 2007
Publisher The Federation Press
Paperback/256pp
ISBN 9781862876576
Australian RRP $49.95
International Price $45.00
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